Toefl stands for test of English as a foreign language which is conducted by ETS(educational testing service).if you are planning to study in usa,Canada,Europe then you are required to take the toefl exam compulsory. Toefl scores are accepted by more than 9,000 colleges,universities,and licensing agencies in more than 130 countries.The purpose of toefl exam is to evaluate English proficiency of student whose native language is not English & also emphasize integrated skill which provides better information to institution about students ability to communicate in an academic setting.
The TOEFL test structure
In contrast to the earlier test formats (paper based, computer based), the TOEFL iBT consists of four different parts and takes about four hours in total
This section contains reading passages and questions about the passages. The questions are about information that is stated or implied in the passage and about some of the specific words in the passages.
This test measure your ability to understand conversation & lecture in English.The listening section is divided into 2 separately timed parts wheareas in each parts you will listen to 1 conversation & 2 lectures.The question typically ask about main ideas & supporting details.
This section is the shortest,lasting about 20 minutes.It will involve some independent tasks,which require you to express an opinion briefly (you will have up to a minute to speak),and some integrated tasks,in which you will need to use information from reading & listening in your spoken answers.
There are two writing tasks on the next generation TOEFL Internet-based test (iBT). The first is an integrated task that requires test takers to read, listen, and then write in response to what they have read and heard. The second is an independent task where test takers support an opinion on a topic.
TOEFL iBT Test Sections
|Reading||60–80 minutes||36–56 questions||Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.|
|Listening||60–90 minutes||34–51 questions||Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.|
|Speaking||20 minutes||6 tasks||Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.|
|Writing||50 minutes||2 tasks||Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.|