Toefl stands for test of English as a foreign language which is conducted by ETS(educational testing service).if you are planning to study in usa,Canada,Europe then you are required to take the toefl exam compulsory. Toefl scores are accepted by more than 9,000 colleges,universities,and licensing agencies in more than 130 countries.The purpose of toefl exam is to evaluate English proficiency of student whose native language is not English & also emphasize integrated skill which provides better information to institution about students ability to communicate in an academic setting.

The TOEFL test structure

In contrast to the earlier test formats (paper based, computer based), the TOEFL iBT consists of four different parts and takes about four hours in total

  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Written

1. Reading

This section contains reading passages and questions about the passages. The questions are about information that is stated or implied in the passage and about some of the specific words in the passages.

2. Listening

This test measure your ability to understand conversation & lecture in English.The listening section is divided into 2 separately timed parts wheareas in each parts you will listen to 1 conversation & 2 lectures.The  question typically ask about main ideas & supporting details.

3. Speaking

This section is the shortest,lasting about 20 minutes.It will involve some independent tasks,which require you to express an opinion briefly (you will have up to a minute to speak),and some integrated tasks,in which you will need to use information from reading & listening in your spoken answers.

4. Writing

There are two writing tasks on the next generation TOEFL Internet-based test (iBT). The first is an integrated task that requires test takers to read, listen, and then write in response to what they have read and heard. The second is an independent task where test takers support an opinion on a topic.

TOEFL iBT Test Sections

Section Time Limit Questions Tasks
Reading 60–80 minutes 36–56 questions Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listening 60–90 minutes 34–51 questions Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.
Break 10 minutes
Speaking 20 minutes 6 tasks Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Writing 50 minutes 2 tasks Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.